Employability is one of the key themes of European higher education, discussed at the level of the EU (e.g. in ET 2020, 2011 Modernisation Agenda) and in the Bologna Process. Diverse concepts exist to define the term. According to the Bologna Process it is ‘the ability to gain initial meaningful employment, or to become self-employed, to maintain employment, and to be able to move around within the labour market’. In this context, the role of higher education is ‘to equip students with the knowledge, skills and competences that they need in the workplace and that employers require; and to ensure that people have more opportunities to maintain or renew those skills and attributes throughout their working lives’ (…) (Bologna Implementation Report 2015, p. 182).
For instance, higher education institutions might provide access to internships, and in addition, specifically for refugee students, information on the structure of the national labour market, interview training and mentoring with particular emphasis on the cultural context and differences.